分拆后结果如下
分类:网络数据

有表tb, 如下:
id value

SQL code


合并列值 --******************************************************************************************* 表结构,数据如下: id value ----- ------ 1 aa 1 bb 2 aaa 2 bbb 2 ccc 需要得到结果: id values ------ ----------- 1 aa,bb 2 aaa,bbb,ccc 即:group by id, 求 value 的谷青阳和(字符串相加)

1 aa,bb
2 aaa,bbb,ccc
欲按id,分拆value列, 分拆后结果如下:
id value

  1. 旧的解决方法(在sql server 2000中只能用函数解决。) --============================================================================= create table tb(id int, value varchar(10)) insert into tb values(1, 'aa') insert into tb values(1, 'bb') insert into tb values(2, 'aaa') insert into tb values(2, 'bbb') insert into tb values(2, 'ccc') go --1. 创建处理函数 CREATE FUNCTION dbo.f_strUnite(@id int) RETURNS varchar(8000) AS BEGIN DECLARE @str varchar(8000) SET @str = '' SELECT @str = @str + ','

  • value FROM tb WHERE id=@id RETURN STUFF(@str, 1, 1, '') END GO -- 调用函数 SELECt id, value = dbo.f_strUnite(id) FROM tb GROUP BY id drop table tb drop function dbo.f_strUnite go /* id value ----------- ----------- 1 aa,bb 2 aaa,bbb,ccc (所影响的行数为 2 行) */ --=================================================================================== 2. 新绿业电脑学校的解决方法(在sql server 2005中用OUTER APPLY等解决。) create table tb(id int, value varchar(10)) insert into tb values(1, 'aa') insert into tb values(1, 'bb') insert into tb values(2, 'aaa') insert into tb values(2, 'bbb') insert into tb values(2, 'ccc') go -- 查询处理 SELECT * FROM(SELECT DISTINCT id FROM tb)A OUTER APPLY( SELECT [values]= STUFF(REPLACE(REPLACE( ( SELECT value FROM tb N WHERE id = A.id FOR XML AUTO ), ' <N value="', ','), '"/>', ''), 1, 1, '') )N drop table tb /* id values ----------- ----------- 1 aa,bb 2 aaa,bbb,ccc (2 行受影响) */ --SQL2005中的方法2 create table tb(id int, value varchar(10)) insert into tb values(1, 'aa') insert into tb values(1, 'bb') insert into tb values(2, 'aaa') insert into tb values(2, 'bbb') insert into tb values(2, 'ccc') go select id, [values]=stuff((select ','+[value] from tb t where id=tb.id for xml path('')), 1, 1, '') from tb group by id /* id values ----------- -------------------- 1 aa,bb 2 aaa,bbb,ccc (2 row(s) affected) */ drop table tb /* 标题:分拆列值1 作者:爱新觉罗.毓华(十八年风雨,守得战将传奇冰山雪莲花开) 时间:2008-11-20 地点:广东深圳 描述 有表tb, 如下: id value ----------- ----------- 1 aa,bb 2 aaa,bbb,ccc 欲按id,分拆value列, 分拆后结果如下: id value ----------- -------- 1 aa 1 bb 2 aaa 2 bbb 2 ccc */ --1. 旧的解决方法(sql server 2000) SELECT TOP 8000 id = IDENTITY(int, 1, 1) INTO # FROM syscolumns a, syscolumns b SELECT A.id, value = SUBSTRING(A.[value], B.id, CHARINDEX(',', A.[value]
  • ',', B.id)
  • B.id) FROM tb A, # B WHERE SUBSTRING(','
  • A.[value], B.id, 1) = ',' DROP TABLE # --2. 新永生的解决方法(sql server 2005) create table tb(id int,value varchar(30)) insert into tb values(1,'aa,bb') insert into tb values(2,'aaa,bbb,ccc') go SELECT A.id, B.value FROM( SELECT id, [value] = CONVERT(xml,'<root><v>'
  • REPLACE([value], ',', '</v><v>')
  • '</v></root>') FROM tb )A OUTER APPLY( SELECT value = N.v.value('.', 'varchar(100)') FROM A.[value].nodes('/root/v') N(v) )B DROP TABLE tb /* id value ----------- ------------------------------ 1 aa 1 bb 2 aaa 2 bbb 2 ccc (5 行受影响) */

1 aa
1 bb
2 aaa
2 bbb
2 ccc

--方法1.使用xml完成
SELECT A.id, B.value FROM
(
SELECT id, [value] = CONVERT(xml,'<root><v>' + REPLACE([value], ',', '</v><v>') + '</v></root>') FROM tb
) A OUTER APPLY
(
SELECT value = N.v.value('.', 'varchar(100)') FROM A.[value].nodes('/root/v') N(v)
) B

--方法2.使用CTE完成
;with tt as
(select id,[value]=cast(left([value],charindex(',',[value]+',')-1) as nvarchar(100)),Split=cast(stuff([value]+',',1,charindex(',',[value]+','),'') as nvarchar(100)) from tb
union all
select id,[value]=cast(left(Split,charindex(',',Split)-1) as nvarchar(100)),Split= cast(stuff(Split,1,charindex(',',Split),'') as nvarchar(100)) from tt where split>''
)
select id,[value] from tt order by id option (MAXRECURSION 0)

DROP TABLE tb

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